History of Physiotherapy in Nepal


  1. Army trained
  2. Leprosy trained
  3. On the job trained by expatriates
  4. Trained in India



  1. 1983 Certificate course Institute of Medicine (IOM), Tribhuvan University
  2. entry after SLC
  3. 2 ½ years
  4. 1983-1990
  5. Approximately 50 graduates



  1. No formal physiotherapy training
  2. HRDC 3 month primary rehab therapy
  3. Some informal on the job training


2000 onwards

  1. 2002 Certificate course started at Dhulikhel Medical Institute, Kathmandu University
  2. Entry after SLC
  3. 3 years



  1. First meeting of Nepal physios, for CME and discussion



  1. Ongoing efforts to organise a physiotherapy professional group
  2. PRAN, the Professional Rehabilitation Association of Nepal.



  1. Nepal Physiotherapy Association officially formed
  2. Historical Background of NEPTA
  3. Nepal Physiotherapy Association was formed in 2002 A.D



  1. NEPTA joins World Confederation for Physical Therapy
  2. Attends first WCPT congress in Spain
  3. Start of relationship with New Zealand Society of Physiotherapy



  1. Attended WCPT world congress in Canada
  2. 102 member countries represented
  3. AWP meeting, report from Nepal
  4. Met with President of New Zealand Physiotherapy Society
  5. First congress at which NEPTA represented by President



  1. BPT started for the first time in Nepal  by KU
  2. 4.5 yeas course
  3. Problem based learning curriculum


Activities of NEPTA

  1. NEPTA organizes its national conference every two years.
  2. In 2002 Teaching Hospital (first conference)
  3. 2004 Narayani Hotel, Pulchowk
  4. 2006 Hotel Shanker, lazimpat
  5. 2008 United trade center, Tripureshwor
  6. Most of the Nepalese physiotherapist and many foreign physiotherapist had participated.
  7. NEPTA had received twin program with New Zealand society of physiotherapist in 2004.
  8. NEPTA had received international partners with American physiotherapy Association in 2007.
  9. As a member of WCPT, NEPTA receives information about conferences and events related to physiotherapy throughout the world and share it to NEPTA’s members only.
  10. NEPTA organizes regular Continuous Medical Education (C.M.E) program to upgrade knowledge of physiotherapist working in Nepal.
  11. Executive from NEPTA participated in Global Forum on human resources organized by WHO at Uganda.
  12. NEPTA being main official voice for physiotherapist in Nepal particiapted in workshop organised by Nepal Health Professional Council to discuss various matters related to physiotherapy.
  13. NEPTA celebrated world physiotherapy day in September 8th 2008 for the first time in Nepal with a theme” Movement for Health”
  14. NEPTA have started national survey of physiotherapist. A survey will be conducted to find out the current situation of physiotherapist in Nepal. The proposal for survey has been submitted to National Planning Commission for funding.
  15. NEPTA organized free physiotherapy Camp at Jagati, Bhaktapur in 2007 September 29. there were altogether 86 patients with different problems.


Scope and Opportunities of Physical therapy Practice in Nepal

Physiotherapy is practiced in various settings in Nepal which are:

  1. Rehabilitation Settings
  2. Cardiac settings
  3. Neurology settings
  4. Paediatric Settings
  5. Community Based Rehabilitation
  6. Orthopaedic settings
  7. Sports Setting
  8. Group Therapy
  9. Disable Home
  10. Schools


Physiotherapist Practice

  1. Physiotherapist : Number of Beds
  2. Physiotherapy School
  3. Challenges of Physiotherapy Profession
  4. Understanding and awareness of the benefits of physiotherapy must be promoted amongst the physicians and other health care workers of Nepal. Physicians must be trained in whom to refer to Physiotherapy and when. Understanding and awareness must also be promoted amongst the general population
  5. Recommendation to SAARC Country Physiotherapists
  6. All the SAARC Countries Physiotherapy Association together have meeting to develop standard curriculum, common guidelines for physiotherapy staffing.


What next?

  1. Growing opportunities for physiotherapy profession
  2. Increasing vacancies for physiotherapists
  3. International popularity of NEPTA conference

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